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Questions revolve round Uber’s inside safety practices after an 18-year-old hacker gained what seems to have been full administrative entry to important elements of the corporate’s IT infrastructure utilizing an worker’s VPN credentials. as preliminary entry vector.

Quite a few screenshots posted on-line by the alleged attacker counsel the intruder did not need to breach a single inside system to basically destroy the ride-sharing big’s IT dominance nearly solely.

To date, Uber has not disclosed particulars of the incident apart from to say that the corporate is answering that and work with legislation enforcement to analyze the violation. So a minimum of some of what’s being reported concerning the incident relies on a September 15 New York Occasions report by which the teenager claimed to have gained entry to Uber’s inside networks utilizing credentials obtained from an worker by means of of social engineering. The attacker used that entry to maneuver laterally by means of Uber’s inside area to different important programs, together with its electronic mail, cloud storage, and code repository environments.

Since then, he has posted quite a few screenshots of Uber’s inside programs to substantiate what entry he gained and the way he gained it.

The screenshots present that the hacker gained full administrative entry to Uber’s AWS, Google Cloud, VMware vSphere, and Home windows environments, in addition to a complete database of vulnerabilities in its platform that safety researchers found and disclosed to the general public. the corporate by means of a bug bounty program. Managed by HackerOne. The interior information accessed by the attacker seems to incorporate Uber gross sales metrics, details about Slack, and even data from the corporate’s Endpoint Detection and Response (EDR) platform.

in a tweet thread Reposted by some safety researchers, Twitter consumer Corben Leo posted claims by the alleged hacker that he used social engineering credentials to entry Uber’s VPN and scan the corporate’s intranet. The hacker described discovering an Uber community share containing PowerShell scripts with privileged administrator credentials. “One of many PowerShell scripts contained the username and password of an admin consumer in Thycotic (PAM). Utilizing this, I used to be in a position to extract secrets and techniques for all providers, DA, Duo, OneLogin, AWS, GSuite,” he stated. attacker.

For now, the motivations of the attacker should not very clear. Usually, it is fairly apparent, however all of the hacker has performed thus far is make a variety of noise, noting that Uber drivers ought to receives a commission extra and sharing screenshots proving entry.

“They appeared very younger and perhaps even a bit of sloppy. A few of their screenshots had open chat home windows and a ton of metadata,” says Sam Curry, a safety engineer at Yuga Labs who reviewed the screenshots.

pure social engineering

Invincible Safety Group (ISG), a Dubai-based safety providers firm, claimed that its researchers had got a list of administrative credentials that the menace actor had gathered. “They look like robust passwords, confirming that it was in actual fact a social engineering assault that allowed him to entry Uber’s inside community,” ISG tweeted.

Curry tells Darkish Studying that the attacker seems to have gained preliminary entry by compromising an worker’s login data and social engineering that particular person’s VPN two-factor authentication 2FA flag.

“As soon as that they had VPN entry, they found a community drive with ‘keys to the dominion’, which allowed them to entry [Uber’s] cloud internet hosting as root on each Google Cloud Platform and Amazon Internet Providers,” Curry notes. “This implies they in all probability had entry to all cloud deployments, which might be most working purposes and storage. within the Uber cloud.

One vital truth is that the worker who was initially compromised labored in incident response, he notes, including that usually these workers have entry to many extra instruments throughout the Uber surroundings than the common worker.

“Having this degree of entry, plus the entry they discovered within the PowerShell script, means they in all probability weren’t too constrained to do what they wished to do inside Uber,” says Curry.

In a sequence of tweets, unbiased safety researcher Invoice Demirkapi stated the attacker seems to have gained persistent MFA entry to the compromised Uber account “by socially modifying the sufferer to just accept a message that allowed the attacker to register their very own gadget.” for MFA”.

“The truth that the attackers seem to have compromised the account of a member of the RI crew is regarding,” Demirkapi tweeted. “EDRs can create ‘backdoors’ for IR, akin to permitting IR groups to ‘infiltrate’ worker machines (if enabled), which may increase attacker entry.”

Bug Bounty information entry is “problematic”

The obvious incontrovertible fact that the attacker gained entry to Uber’s vulnerability information submitted by means of its bug bounty program can also be problematic, safety consultants say.

Curry says he discovered concerning the entry after the hacker posted a remark about Uber being hacked on the corporate’s bug bounty tickets. Curry had beforehand found and submitted a vulnerability to Uber, which, if exploited, would have allowed entry to its code repositories. That bug has been mounted, but it surely’s unclear how most of the different vulnerabilities which were disclosed to the corporate have been mounted, what number of weren’t mounted, and what degree of entry these vulnerabilities may present if exploited. The state of affairs may get considerably worse if the hacker sells the vulnerability information to others.

“Bug bounty packages are an vital layer in mature safety packages,” says Shira Shamban, CEO of Solvo. “A primary implication right here is that the hacker is now conscious of different vulnerabilities inside Uber’s IT surroundings and may use them to arrange backdoors for future use, which is regarding.”

Vulnerability and pentesting instruments are vital in enabling firms to evaluate and enhance safety postures, says Amit Bareket, CEO and co-founder of Perimeter 81. “Nonetheless, if the proper safety measures should not applied, these instruments can change into double-edged swords, permitting unhealthy actors to benefit from delicate data they might comprise,” he says.

Corporations want to concentrate on this and be sure that such studies are protected and saved in encrypted type to stop them from being misused for malicious functions, says Bareket.

The most recent incident is unlikely to do a lot to enhance Uber’s already tarnished status for security. In October 2016, the corporate skilled an information breach that uncovered delicate details about some 57 million passengers. However as a substitute of exposing the breach as required, the corporate paid $100,000 to safety researchers who reported the breach in what was seen as an try to bribe them. In 2018, the corporate settled a $148 million lawsuit over the incident. It reached comparable however a lot smaller settlements in lawsuits over the incidents within the UK and the Netherlands.

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Attacker Apparently Didn’t Have to Breach a Single System to Pwn Uber

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